The World's Biggest Central Bank Has Private Shareholders → Washingtons Blog
The World's Biggest Central Bank Has Private Shareholders - Washingtons Blog

Friday, July 29, 2011

The World's Biggest Central Bank Has Private Shareholders

As I've pointed out for years, the Bank for International Settlements (BIS) is owned by the world's central banks, which are in turn owned by the big banks. See this and this.

It turns out there may be a very interesting wrinkle to the private ownership issue.

By way of background, BIS is often called the "central banks' central bank", as it coordinates transactions between central banks, and which is the entity determining the level of reserves banks are required to keep worldwide.

As Spiegel reported in 2009:

The BIS is a closed organization owned by the 55 central banks. The heads of these central banks travel to the Basel headquarters once every two months, and the General Meeting, the BIS's supreme executive body, takes place once a year.
But as the New York Federal Reserve Bank currently states on its website:
As of March 2006, the BIS had 55 shareholding central banks from around the world. As of March 2006, the Bank’s assets were approximately $221 billion, including $5.8 billion of its own funds.

When the BIS initially raised capital, participating banks were given the option to buy BIS shares or arrange for those shares to be bought by the public. Currently, 86 percent of the shares of the BIS are registered in the names of central banks, and 14 percent are held by private shareholders. The shares owned by private shareholders consist of part of the French and Belgian issues and all of the shares that were in the original U.S. issue in 1930.

So the private banks own the Fed (and most other central banks), and the central banks - and private shareholders - in turn own BIS, the global bank regulator.

It would obviously be very interesting to find out who these private shareholders are.

And to find out if the shareholders enjoy any special benefits. As Spiegel notes:
Formally registered as a stock corporation, it is recognized as an international organization and, therefore, is not subject to any jurisdiction other than international law.

It does not need to pay tax, and its members and employees enjoy extensive immunity. No other institution regulates the BIS, despite the fact that it manages about 4 percent of the world's total currency reserves, or €217 trillion ($304 trillion), as well as 120 tons of gold...

Central bankers are not elected by the people but are appointed by their governments. Nevertheless, they wield power that exceeds that of many political leaders. Their decisions affect entire economies, and a single word from their lips is capable of moving financial markets. They set interest rates, thereby determining the cost of borrowing and the speed of global financial currents.

Could that mean that the private shareholders owning 14% of the world's central bank have somehow been "grandfathered in", and are immune from taxes and other national rules? Wouldn't it be interesting to find out?

The New York Fed claims that the private BIS shareholders don't have voting rights:
All shareholders receive theLink Bank’s dividends. However, private shareholders do not have voting rights or representation at the BIS annual meetings. Only a country's central bank or its nominee may exercise the rights of representation and voting.
This may or may not be true. It is common for powerful and wealthy people informally influence agency decisions. Just look at every captured financial regulator in the United States.

But whether or not the shareholders get special treatment or influence the decisions of the world's most powerful banking institution, it is still newsworthy that there are private parties with not insignificant ownership interests.

Update: Apparently, the information on the New York Fed's website is out of date. BIS' website says that the private shares were repurchases in 2003, so that now only central banks own shares.


  1. I'm baffled by how many Americans I've talked to simply don't believe that the Fed is a private entity, but won't check it out for themselves. The power of blind faith remains shockingly potent.

  2. It doesn't matter a jot. They are still controlled by a few individuals. Agency is what it is all about. The deafening lack of warning about depression confirms that they keep such information to themselves and always will. It is the cost, one of them, of having inflationary banking.

    What happened to the money made by Rockefeller? The 7 sisters? Where did it go? If we do not know then we are not sure that it did not go into control say, of the banking industry. All done via nominee owners. Interlocking holdings mean only a few families control America and they aren't all as far seeing as Henry Ford.

  3. In the end the update is unnecessary. The BIS is owned by central banks which are owned by the big transnational banks which are owned by private interests. Then note that a vast majority of stocks, including those of financial companies are owned by the wealthiest 1%. It makes little difference if those narrow private interests own the BIS directly, or that they own the "chain" leading to controlling interest in the BIS, the result is the same.

    Even though many of these banks are publicly traded, they are NOT publicly run. If these banks were truly public, their books would be wide open for each and every stockholder to see, including all the accounting and formulas used to assign value. Mark-to-market values, all the off-the-record liabilities, etc. would be registered and publicly available. But these are all considered trade secrets, and these banks and their private controllers are simply allowed to make whatever value they want, and say to the public, "trust us."

    It is the height of stupidity to allow public pension funds to invest in these institutions that have no effective oversight whatsoever, no enforcment of current laws, and no investigation into clear and demonstrated fraudulent practices like the whole fraudclosure mess.

    Believe me, the private interests have already demonstrated very decisively they will take the money and leave the public with the liability bag-- either the taxpayer, through bailouts, or public pension stakeholders, through eventual bankruptcy.


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